਀㰀䠀吀䴀䰀㸀㰀䠀䔀䄀䐀㸀 ਀㰀䴀䔀吀䄀 渀愀洀攀㴀䜀䔀一䔀刀䄀吀伀刀 挀漀渀琀攀渀琀㴀∀䴀匀䠀吀䴀䰀 㠀⸀  ⸀㘀  ㄀⸀㄀㤀 ㄀㤀∀㸀㰀⼀䠀䔀䄀䐀㸀 ਀㰀䐀䤀嘀 挀氀愀猀猀㴀琀椀洀攀猀琀愀洀瀀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㔀㸀一攀眀 夀漀爀欀 吀椀洀攀猀㰀⼀䘀伀一吀㸀㰀⼀䐀䤀嘀㸀
਀㰀䐀䤀嘀 挀氀愀猀猀㴀琀椀洀攀猀琀愀洀瀀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀䐀䤀嘀㸀
April 16, 2010
਀㰀䠀㄀㸀䌀栀椀渀愀 匀琀愀爀琀猀 一攀眀 䈀甀爀攀愀甀 琀漀 䌀甀爀戀 圀攀戀㰀⼀䠀㄀㸀
By JONATHAN ANSFIELD
਀㰀䐀䤀嘀 挀氀愀猀猀㴀愀爀琀椀挀氀攀䈀漀搀礀㸀

BEIJING — ਀㰀倀㸀吀栀攀 渀攀眀 戀甀爀攀愀甀 洀愀爀欀猀 琀栀攀 氀愀琀攀猀琀 漀甀琀最爀漀眀琀栀 琀漀 愀 洀漀爀愀猀猀 漀昀 愀最攀渀挀椀攀猀 琀愀猀欀攀搀 眀椀琀栀  regulating online business and communications in China. People informed of the ਀攀砀瀀愀渀猀椀漀渀 猀愀礀 琀栀攀 愀甀琀栀漀爀椀琀椀攀猀 愀爀攀 爀攀琀漀漀氀椀渀最 琀栀攀椀爀 洀攀搀椀愀 愀瀀瀀愀爀愀琀甀猀 琀漀 搀攀攀瀀攀渀  their leverage over the Web, and regulators are jostling for the growing power ਀愀渀搀 瀀爀椀瘀椀氀攀最攀 愀琀 猀琀愀欀攀⸀ 㰀⼀倀㸀

The new agency, officially called the Internet news coordination bureau, is ਀瀀愀爀琀 漀昀 琀栀椀猀 攀昀昀漀爀琀 琀漀 戀攀琀琀攀爀 洀漀渀椀琀漀爀 琀栀攀 挀漀洀洀甀渀椀挀愀琀椀漀渀猀 漀昀 䌀栀椀渀攀猀攀 圀攀戀 甀猀攀爀猀Ⰰ  who total nearly 400 million by official estimates.

਀㰀倀㸀䌀栀椀渀攀猀攀 漀昀昀椀挀椀愀氀猀 挀漀渀猀椀搀攀爀 琀漀漀氀猀 氀椀欀攀 猀漀挀椀愀氀 渀攀琀眀漀爀欀椀渀最Ⰰ 洀椀挀爀漀戀氀漀最最椀渀最 愀渀搀  video-sharing sites a major vulnerability. In the past year, they have been ਀昀漀爀挀攀搀 琀漀 戀氀漀挀欀 愀挀挀攀猀猀 椀渀 䌀栀椀渀愀 漀昀 漀瘀攀爀猀攀愀猀 瘀椀搀攀漀 愀渀搀 渀攀琀眀漀爀欀椀渀最 最椀愀渀琀猀 氀椀欀攀  YouTube, In turn, China has promoted the use of local alternatives on sites like Sina.com, ਀㰀䄀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀焀焀⸀挀漀洀⼀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀开㸀儀儀⸀挀漀洀㰀⼀䄀㸀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 圀攀戀 猀椀琀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀漀洀洀甀渀椀猀琀  Party newspaper People’s Daily, which are more cooperative with official ਀洀愀渀搀愀琀攀猀 琀漀 昀椀氀琀攀爀 琀栀攀 圀攀戀⸀ 䈀漀琀栀 琀栀攀 渀攀眀 愀渀搀 瀀爀攀ⴀ攀砀椀猀琀椀渀最 戀甀爀攀愀甀猀 愀爀攀 甀渀搀攀爀 琀栀攀  auspices of the ਀㰀倀㸀䘀漀爀 眀攀攀欀猀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 栀攀愀搀 漀昀 琀栀攀 渀攀眀氀礀 攀猀琀愀戀氀椀猀栀攀搀 戀甀爀攀愀甀 栀愀猀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀攀搀 椀琀 椀渀  meetings with foreign diplomats and in official propaganda conferences and ਀琀爀愀椀渀椀渀最 猀攀猀猀椀漀渀猀⸀ 㰀⼀倀㸀

But public acknowledgment of the addition only came last week, after The New ਀夀漀爀欀 吀椀洀攀猀 猀甀戀洀椀琀琀攀搀 愀 焀甀攀猀琀椀漀渀 愀戀漀甀琀 琀栀攀 漀瘀攀爀栀愀甀氀⸀ 吀栀攀 渀攀砀琀 搀愀礀Ⰰ 琀栀攀  Information Office altered a page This week, in a faxed response, the Information Office said the Internet news ਀挀漀漀爀搀椀渀愀琀椀漀渀 戀甀爀攀愀甀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀 椀琀 愀氀猀漀 爀攀昀攀爀猀 琀漀 愀猀 戀甀爀攀愀甀 渀椀渀攀Ⰰ ᰀ椠猀 洀愀椀渀氀礀  responsible for ‘guidance, coordination and other work related to the ਀挀漀渀猀琀爀甀挀琀椀漀渀 愀渀搀 洀愀渀愀最攀洀攀渀琀 漀昀 圀攀戀 挀甀氀琀甀爀攀⸀ᤀ☠渀戀猀瀀㬀ᴀ†䤀琀 最愀瘀攀 渀漀 昀甀爀琀栀攀爀 搀攀琀愀椀氀猀⸀ 

਀㰀倀㸀䌀栀椀渀愀 愀氀爀攀愀搀礀 攀洀瀀氀漀礀猀 愀 猀瀀爀愀眀氀椀渀最 戀甀爀攀愀甀挀爀愀挀礀 漀昀 最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀Ⰰ 瀀愀爀琀礀Ⰰ 愀渀搀  industry bodies, and local affiliates down to the neighborhood level, to screen, ਀昀椀氀琀攀爀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 猀琀攀攀爀 瀀甀戀氀椀挀 漀瀀椀渀椀漀渀 漀渀氀椀渀攀 愀渀搀 爀攀最甀氀愀琀攀 瘀愀爀椀漀甀猀 昀愀挀攀琀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀  industry.

਀㰀倀㸀䈀甀琀 椀渀 爀攀猀瀀漀渀猀攀 琀漀 愀 猀攀爀椀攀猀 漀昀 攀瘀攀渀琀猀 琀栀攀 瀀愀猀琀 琀眀漀 礀攀愀爀猀Ⰰ 瀀愀爀琀椀挀甀氀愀爀氀礀 攀琀栀渀椀挀  riots in Tibet and Xinjiang, the release of the democracy manifesto known as
Charter ਀ 㠀㰀⼀䄀㸀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 漀瀀瀀漀猀椀琀椀漀渀 瀀爀漀琀攀猀琀猀 椀渀 䤀爀愀渀 ᐀†愀氀氀 漀昀 眀栀椀挀栀 眀攀爀攀 猀攀攀渀 愀猀  proliferating via mobile and Internet communications — the Communist Party ਀氀攀愀搀攀爀猀栀椀瀀 栀愀猀 琀愀欀攀渀 猀琀爀漀渀最攀爀 猀琀攀瀀猀⸀ 䤀琀 栀愀猀 甀渀氀攀愀猀栀攀搀 愀 瀀爀漀瀀愀最愀渀搀愀 戀甀椀氀搀甀瀀 漀昀  multimedia arms acquiescent to the government, and a policy clampdown on more ਀甀渀爀甀氀礀 昀漀爀攀椀最渀 愀渀搀 瀀爀椀瘀愀琀攀 昀椀爀洀猀⸀ 㰀⼀倀㸀

Previously, the Information Office operated a single Bureau of Internet ਀䄀昀昀愀椀爀猀Ⰰ 爀攀昀攀爀爀攀搀 琀漀 愀猀 戀甀爀攀愀甀 昀椀瘀攀⸀ 䤀琀 猀甀瀀攀爀瘀椀猀攀猀 猀椀琀攀猀 琀栀愀琀 瀀甀戀氀椀猀栀 渀攀眀猀 椀渀  China and operates in close contact with many of their top executives and ਀攀搀椀琀漀爀猀⸀ 吀栀愀琀 戀甀爀攀愀甀 琀爀愀搀椀琀椀漀渀愀氀氀礀 眀漀爀欀攀搀 漀渀 挀椀爀挀甀氀愀琀椀渀最 漀昀昀椀挀椀愀氀 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀  and censorship guidelines, but with the evolution of the Web, it has become more ਀漀挀挀甀瀀椀攀搀 眀椀琀栀 洀漀渀椀琀漀爀椀渀最 瀀甀戀氀椀挀 猀攀渀琀椀洀攀渀琀 漀瘀攀爀 渀攀眀猀 搀攀瘀攀氀漀瀀洀攀渀琀猀 漀渀  user-generated services.

਀㰀倀㸀一漀眀 琀眀漀 戀甀爀攀愀甀猀 眀椀氀氀 搀椀瘀椀搀攀 琀栀攀 氀愀戀漀爀⸀ 吀栀攀 漀氀搀攀爀 漀渀攀 眀椀氀氀 爀攀琀愀椀渀 愀 昀漀挀甀猀 漀渀  promoting the official line to domestic sites and international media, while the ਀渀攀眀攀爀 漀渀攀 眀椀氀氀 戀攀 搀攀瘀漀琀攀搀 洀漀爀攀 琀漀 攀渀昀漀爀挀攀洀攀渀琀 漀瘀攀爀 渀攀眀猀ⴀ爀攀氀愀琀攀搀 挀漀渀琀攀渀琀 漀渀  interactive forums, say scholars, diplomats and editors familiar with the ਀爀攀猀栀甀昀昀氀攀⸀ 㰀⼀倀㸀

“So just from the viewpoint of personnel, you can see that the government is ਀瀀甀琀琀椀渀最 洀漀爀攀 愀渀搀 洀漀爀攀 攀洀瀀栀愀猀椀猀 漀渀 洀愀渀愀最椀渀最 琀栀攀 䤀渀琀攀爀渀攀琀Ⰰᴀ†猀愀椀搀 愀渀 攀搀椀琀漀爀 愀琀 愀渀  official media organization, who requested anonymity because of the delicacy of ਀琀栀攀 猀甀戀樀攀挀琀⸀ 㰀⼀倀㸀㰀⼀䐀䤀嘀㸀㰀⼀䈀伀䐀夀㸀㰀⼀䠀吀䴀䰀㸀