਀㰀䴀䔀吀䄀 渀愀洀攀㴀䜀䔀一䔀刀䄀吀伀刀 挀漀渀琀攀渀琀㴀∀䴀匀䠀吀䴀䰀 㠀⸀  ⸀㘀  ㄀⸀㄀㤀 ㄀㤀∀㸀㰀⼀䠀䔀䄀䐀㸀 ਀㰀䠀㄀ 挀氀愀猀猀㴀∀挀一ⴀ栀攀愀搀椀渀最倀愀最攀 瀀爀攀瀀攀渀搀ⴀ㔀 猀瀀愀渀ⴀ㄀㄀ 氀愀猀琀∀㸀䌀栀椀渀愀 爀椀猀欀猀 挀漀猀琀 漀昀 昀爀愀挀欀椀渀最 琀漀 攀砀瀀氀漀椀琀 猀栀愀氀攀 最愀猀 㰀⼀䠀㄀㸀
਀㰀䐀䤀嘀 挀氀愀猀猀㴀∀挀吀ⴀ猀琀漀爀礀䐀攀琀愀椀氀猀 挀昀椀砀∀㸀
Jonathan Watts
April 26, 2011 ਀㰀唀䰀㸀㰀⼀唀䰀㸀㰀⼀䐀䤀嘀㸀 ਀㰀䐀䤀嘀 挀氀愀猀猀㴀愀爀琀椀挀氀攀䈀漀搀礀㸀

CHINA has begun trials of the controversial drilling technique known as fracking to exploit the world's largest reserves of shale gas, as it tries to cope with the energy demands of a fast-growing economy while reducing its dependence on coal.

਀㰀倀㸀䤀渀 琀栀攀 瀀愀猀琀 琀眀漀 眀攀攀欀猀Ⰰ 攀渀最椀渀攀攀爀猀 栀愀瘀攀 挀漀洀瀀氀攀琀攀搀 琀栀攀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀✀猀 昀椀爀猀琀 栀漀爀椀稀漀渀琀愀氀 猀栀愀氀攀 最愀猀 眀攀氀氀 椀渀 匀椀挀栀甀愀渀 愀渀搀 最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 漀昀昀椀挀椀愀氀猀 栀愀瘀攀 戀攀最甀渀 搀爀愀昀琀椀渀最 愀 渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 猀琀爀愀琀攀最礀 琀漀 椀搀攀渀琀椀昀礀 ㄀    戀椀氀氀椀漀渀 挀甀戀椀挀 洀攀琀爀攀猀 漀昀 攀砀瀀氀漀椀琀愀戀氀攀 爀攀猀漀甀爀挀攀猀 戀礀 ㈀ ㈀ ⸀㰀⼀倀㸀

Supporters say China has the potential to emulate the US, where extraction of shale gas has tripled the lifespan of gas reserves and offered a lower-carbon alternative to coal.

਀㰀倀㸀✀✀匀栀愀氀攀 最愀猀 椀猀 愀 最愀洀攀ⴀ挀栀愀渀最攀爀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀 唀匀 愀渀搀 猀栀漀甀氀搀 搀漀 琀栀攀 猀愀洀攀 昀漀爀 䌀栀椀渀愀Ⰰ✀✀ 猀愀椀搀 䴀椀渀最 匀甀渀最Ⰰ 琀栀攀 䄀猀椀愀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀瘀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀氀攀愀渀 䄀椀爀 吀愀猀欀 䘀漀爀挀攀 椀渀 䈀漀猀琀漀渀 愀渀搀 愀渀 愀搀瘀漀挀愀琀攀 漀昀 挀氀漀猀攀爀 攀渀攀爀最礀 氀椀渀欀猀 戀攀琀眀攀攀渀 琀栀攀 琀眀漀 渀愀琀椀漀渀猀⸀㰀⼀倀㸀

''This should be one of the centrepieces for China's energy strategy. As with any new technology, we must balance benefits versus potential environmental impacts. The experiences of the US are valuable here.''

਀㰀倀㸀吀栀攀 攀砀琀爀愀挀琀椀漀渀 洀攀琀栀漀搀 椀猀 挀漀猀琀氀礀 愀渀搀 挀漀渀琀爀漀瘀攀爀猀椀愀氀⸀ 䠀礀搀爀愀甀氀椀挀 昀爀愀挀琀甀爀椀渀最Ⰰ 漀爀 昀爀愀挀欀椀渀最Ⰰ 椀渀瘀漀氀瘀攀猀 琀栀攀 椀渀樀攀挀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 挀栀攀洀椀挀愀氀氀礀 琀爀攀愀琀攀搀 眀愀琀攀爀 愀琀 栀椀最栀 瀀爀攀猀猀甀爀攀 琀栀爀漀甀最栀 猀攀愀洀猀 漀昀 爀漀挀欀Ⰰ 昀漀爀挀椀渀最 琀栀攀 最愀猀 椀渀猀椀搀攀 琀漀 猀攀攀瀀 漀甀琀 琀漀 眀栀攀爀攀 椀琀 挀愀渀 戀攀 挀愀瀀琀甀爀攀搀⸀ 䔀渀瘀椀爀漀渀洀攀渀琀愀氀椀猀琀猀 猀愀礀 椀琀 眀愀猀琀攀猀 愀渀搀 挀漀渀琀愀洀椀渀愀琀攀猀 栀甀最攀 瘀漀氀甀洀攀猀 漀昀 眀愀琀攀爀⸀㰀⼀倀㸀

For fuel-hungry, drought-plagued China, this poses a conundrum. The energy potential is enormous. The ministry of land and resources calculates the size of shale gas reserves at 26,000 billion cubic metres - more than 10 times the known holdings of conventional natural gas. This is a tempting alternative for a country eager to improve its energy security.

਀㰀倀㸀䄀 猀琀甀搀礀 爀攀氀攀愀猀攀搀 琀栀椀猀 洀漀渀琀栀 戀礀 琀栀攀 唀匀 䔀渀攀爀最礀 䤀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 䄀搀洀椀渀椀猀琀爀愀琀椀漀渀 猀愀椀搀 䌀栀椀渀愀✀猀 琀攀挀栀渀椀挀愀氀氀礀 爀攀挀漀瘀攀爀愀戀氀攀 猀栀愀氀攀 最愀猀 爀攀猀攀爀瘀攀猀 眀攀爀攀 愀氀洀漀猀琀 㔀  瀀攀爀 挀攀渀琀 栀椀最栀攀爀 琀栀愀渀 琀栀漀猀攀 椀渀 琀栀攀 唀匀⸀ 䈀甀琀 琀愀瀀瀀椀渀最 琀栀攀洀 眀椀氀氀 戀攀 攀砀瀀攀渀猀椀瘀攀 愀渀搀 搀椀昀昀椀挀甀氀琀 昀漀爀 愀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 琀栀愀琀 椀猀 搀攀猀瀀攀爀愀琀攀氀礀 猀栀漀爀琀 漀昀 眀愀琀攀爀 愀渀搀 ⴀ 甀渀琀椀氀 爀攀挀攀渀琀氀礀 ⴀ 氀愀挀欀椀渀最 攀砀瀀攀爀椀攀渀挀攀 椀渀 琀栀攀 欀攀礀 琀攀挀栀渀漀氀漀最椀攀猀⸀㰀⼀倀㸀

Engineers from China National Petroleum Corporation took a big step towards rectifying the latter problem on March 23, when it opened the shale gas well three kilometres below the surface at Weiyuan in Sichuan province.

਀㰀倀㸀倀爀漀搀甀挀琀椀漀渀 椀猀 氀椀洀椀琀攀搀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 爀攀琀甀爀渀猀 甀渀愀琀琀爀愀挀琀椀瘀攀 最椀瘀攀渀 氀漀眀 最愀猀 瀀爀椀挀攀猀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 栀椀最栀 挀漀猀琀猀 漀昀 攀砀瀀氀漀椀琀愀琀椀漀渀⸀ 䈀甀琀 琀栀攀 瀀爀漀樀攀挀琀 眀愀猀 搀攀攀洀攀搀 愀 猀甀挀挀攀猀猀 戀攀挀愀甀猀攀 椀琀 瀀爀漀瘀攀搀 琀栀攀 攀昀昀攀挀琀椀瘀攀渀攀猀猀 漀昀 搀爀椀氀氀椀渀最 攀焀甀椀瀀洀攀渀琀⸀㰀⼀倀㸀

Executives at CNPC have said they aim to produce 500 million cubic metres of shale gas by 2015.

਀㰀倀㸀圀椀琀栀 漀琀栀攀爀 昀椀爀洀猀 猀甀挀栀 愀猀 匀椀渀漀瀀攀挀Ⰰ 匀栀攀氀氀 愀渀搀 䌀栀攀瘀爀漀渀 氀椀渀椀渀最 甀瀀 琀漀 攀渀琀攀爀 琀栀攀 戀甀猀椀渀攀猀猀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 椀猀 搀爀愀眀椀渀最 甀瀀 愀 渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 猀琀爀愀琀攀最礀 琀栀愀琀 椀猀 氀椀欀攀氀礀 琀漀 戀攀 椀渀挀漀爀瀀漀爀愀琀攀搀 椀渀琀漀 琀栀攀 氀愀琀攀猀琀 昀椀瘀攀ⴀ礀攀愀爀 瀀氀愀渀⸀ 䤀渀搀甀猀琀爀礀 椀渀猀椀搀攀爀猀 愀爀攀 栀漀瀀攀昀甀氀 琀栀愀琀 椀琀 眀椀氀氀 椀渀挀氀甀搀攀 琀愀砀 椀渀挀攀渀琀椀瘀攀猀 愀渀搀 猀甀戀猀椀搀椀攀猀 琀漀 搀攀瘀攀氀漀瀀 猀栀愀氀攀 最愀猀 爀攀猀攀爀瘀攀猀⸀㰀⼀倀㸀

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