਀㰀䠀吀䴀䰀㸀㰀䠀䔀䄀䐀㸀 ਀㰀䴀䔀吀䄀 渀愀洀攀㴀䜀䔀一䔀刀䄀吀伀刀 挀漀渀琀攀渀琀㴀∀䴀匀䠀吀䴀䰀 㠀⸀  ⸀㘀  ㄀⸀㄀㤀 ㄀㤀∀㸀㰀⼀䠀䔀䄀䐀㸀 ਀㰀䠀㄀ 挀氀愀猀猀㴀∀挀一ⴀ栀攀愀搀椀渀最倀愀最攀 瀀爀攀瀀攀渀搀ⴀ㔀 猀瀀愀渀ⴀ㄀㄀ 氀愀猀琀∀㸀吀栀攀 琀爀甀琀栀 戀甀爀椀攀搀 甀渀搀攀爀 䐀攀渀最✀猀  creation myth ਀㰀䐀䤀嘀 挀氀愀猀猀㴀∀瀀甀猀栀ⴀ  猀瀀愀渀ⴀ㄀㄀ 氀愀猀琀∀㸀㰀℀ⴀⴀ 挀吀ⴀ猀琀漀爀礀䐀攀琀愀椀氀猀 ⴀⴀ㸀
June 7, 2011 ਀㰀唀䰀㸀㰀⼀唀䰀㸀㰀⼀䐀䤀嘀㸀 ਀㰀䐀䤀嘀 挀氀愀猀猀㴀愀爀琀椀挀氀攀䈀漀搀礀㸀

਀㰀倀㸀✀圀椀琀栀漀甀琀 䐀攀渀最 堀椀愀漀瀀椀渀最Ⰰ 琀栀攀爀攀 眀漀甀氀搀 戀攀 渀漀 漀瀀攀渀椀渀最ⴀ甀瀀 瀀漀氀椀挀礀Ⰰ✀✀ 琀栀攀 昀漀爀洀攀爀  prime minister, Kevin Rudd, told Deng Xiaoping's eldest son at the opening ਀挀攀爀攀洀漀渀礀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀 ㈀  㠀 䈀攀椀樀椀渀最 伀氀礀洀瀀椀挀猀⸀㰀⼀倀㸀

''No opening-up, no Olympic Games,'' continued Rudd, as he recounting his ਀挀漀渀瘀攀爀猀愀琀椀漀渀 眀椀琀栀 䐀攀渀最 倀甀昀愀渀最 琀漀 㰀䔀䴀㸀䌀愀椀樀椀渀最 䴀愀最愀稀椀渀攀㰀⼀䔀䴀㸀⸀ ✀✀䄀渀搀 䤀 琀栀椀渀欀 琀栀愀琀  is true if you look at the past 30 years since the Third Plenum of the 11th ਀䌀漀渀最爀攀猀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀漀洀洀甀渀椀猀琀 倀愀爀琀礀 漀昀 䌀栀椀渀愀 椀渀 ㄀㤀㜀㠀⸀✀✀㰀⼀倀㸀

It is a time-honoured tradition that each new Chinese dynasty gets to rewrite ਀琀栀攀 栀椀猀琀漀爀礀 漀昀 椀琀猀 瀀爀攀搀攀挀攀猀猀漀爀 椀渀 漀爀搀攀爀 琀漀 氀攀最椀琀椀洀椀猀攀 椀琀猀 漀眀渀 爀椀猀攀 琀漀 瀀漀眀攀爀⸀ 䤀琀  is not surprising, therefore, that one of Deng's first achievements after ਀攀猀琀愀戀氀椀猀栀椀渀最 栀椀洀猀攀氀昀 愀猀 䌀栀椀渀愀✀猀 瀀愀爀愀洀漀甀渀琀 氀攀愀搀攀爀 眀愀猀 琀漀 眀爀椀琀攀 栀椀猀 漀眀渀 洀礀琀栀 愀琀  the expense of those he cast aside.

਀㰀倀㸀圀栀愀琀 椀猀 猀甀爀瀀爀椀猀椀渀最 椀猀 琀栀愀琀 䐀攀渀最✀猀 渀愀爀爀愀琀椀瘀攀 ⴀ 眀栀椀挀栀 眀愀猀 猀攀琀 椀渀 猀琀漀渀攀 漀渀 䨀甀渀攀  27, 1981, in a document called ''The Resolution on Certain Questions in the ਀䠀椀猀琀漀爀礀 漀昀 漀甀爀 倀愀爀琀礀✀✀ ⴀ 椀猀 琀栀愀琀 椀琀 栀愀猀 戀攀攀渀 猀眀愀氀氀漀眀攀搀 眀栀漀氀攀Ⰰ 眀椀琀栀 戀愀爀攀氀礀 愀  critical murmur, in and outside China for 30 years.

਀㰀倀㸀吀栀愀琀 刀甀搀搀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 圀攀猀琀攀爀渀 眀漀爀氀搀✀猀 洀漀猀琀 䌀栀椀渀愀ⴀ氀椀琀攀爀愀琀攀 氀攀愀搀攀爀Ⰰ 眀栀漀 眀爀漀琀攀 愀  thoroughly researched thesis on that very period of China's evolution, can ਀猀眀愀氀氀漀眀 琀栀攀 猀琀漀爀礀 椀猀 琀攀猀琀椀洀漀渀礀 琀漀 琀栀攀 瀀漀眀攀爀 漀昀 漀渀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 眀漀爀氀搀✀猀 洀漀猀琀 攀渀搀甀爀椀渀最  myths.

਀㰀倀㸀䔀瘀攀渀 琀栀攀 洀漀猀琀 挀礀渀椀挀愀氀 猀挀栀漀氀愀爀猀Ⰰ 搀椀瀀氀漀洀愀琀猀 愀渀搀 眀漀爀氀搀 氀攀愀搀攀爀猀Ⰰ 眀栀漀 漀琀栀攀爀眀椀猀攀  know a lot about China and rarely take Chinese leaders at face value, take ਀䐀攀渀最✀猀 漀眀渀 猀琀漀爀礀 愀猀 琀栀攀 猀琀愀爀琀椀渀最 瀀漀椀渀琀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀椀爀 漀眀渀 渀愀爀爀愀琀椀瘀攀猀 漀渀 栀漀眀 䌀栀椀渀愀  began its epic journey out of poverty.

਀㰀倀㸀䐀攀渀最✀猀 ✀✀爀攀猀漀氀甀琀椀漀渀✀✀ 漀昀 栀椀猀琀漀爀礀 爀攀猀琀猀 漀渀 琀眀漀 欀攀礀 昀愀戀爀椀挀愀琀椀漀渀猀⸀㰀⼀倀㸀

The first is that China's reform began from an almost-standing start at the ਀吀栀椀爀搀 倀氀攀渀甀洀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䔀氀攀瘀攀渀琀栀 倀愀爀琀礀 䌀漀渀最爀攀猀猀 椀渀 䐀攀挀攀洀戀攀爀 ㄀㤀㜀㠀⸀ 吀栀攀 猀攀挀漀渀搀 椀猀 琀栀愀琀  China's decisive turn towards enlightenment only happened because reformers ਀⠀椀洀瀀氀椀挀椀琀氀礀 䐀攀渀最⤀ 漀瘀攀爀挀愀洀攀 琀栀攀 瘀攀猀琀椀最攀猀 漀昀 䴀愀漀椀猀洀 ⠀渀愀洀攀氀礀 䌀栀愀椀爀洀愀渀 䠀甀愀 䜀甀漀昀攀渀最⤀  in a bitter struggle over ideology and policy.

਀㰀倀㸀䤀昀 礀漀甀 栀愀瘀攀 琀爀漀甀戀氀攀 爀攀挀愀氀氀椀渀最 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 漀昀 䌀栀愀椀爀洀愀渀 䠀甀愀Ⰰ 琀栀攀渀 琀栀愀琀 椀琀猀攀氀昀 椀猀  testimony to Deng's capacity to rewrite history. Puncturing Deng's creation myth ਀愀渀搀 爀攀琀爀椀攀瘀椀渀最 䠀甀愀 䜀甀漀昀攀渀最 昀爀漀洀 栀椀猀琀漀爀礀✀猀 猀挀爀愀瀀 瀀椀氀攀 眀椀氀氀 渀漀琀 戀攀 愀渀 攀愀猀礀  task.

਀㰀倀㸀吀栀攀 昀椀爀猀琀 椀渀猀琀愀氀洀攀渀琀 漀昀 琀栀椀猀 洀愀洀洀漀琀栀 瀀爀漀樀攀挀琀 眀椀氀氀 戀攀 瀀甀戀氀椀猀栀攀搀 椀渀 渀攀砀琀  month's China Journal, by historians Frederick Teiwes, of the ਀唀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀 漀昀 匀礀搀渀攀礀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 䴀漀渀愀猀栀 唀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀✀猀 圀愀爀爀攀渀 匀甀渀⸀㰀⼀倀㸀

''The prevailing view in Western literature on China fundamentally accepts ਀嬀琀栀攀崀 洀礀琀栀 漀昀 䐀攀渀最椀猀琀 栀愀最椀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀Ⰰ✀✀ 眀爀椀琀攀 吀攀椀眀攀猀 愀渀搀 匀甀渀 椀渀 琀栀攀椀爀 昀漀爀琀栀挀漀洀椀渀最  article, China's New Economic Policy under Hua Guofeng: Party Consensus and ਀倀愀爀琀礀 䴀礀琀栀猀㰀⼀䔀䴀㸀⸀㰀⼀倀㸀

''We [argue] that a power struggle did not influence evolving economic ਀愀瀀瀀爀漀愀挀栀攀猀 椀渀 ㄀㤀㜀㜀ⴀ㜀㠀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 琀栀愀琀 漀渀 愀氀氀 欀攀礀 搀椀洀攀渀猀椀漀渀猀 ☀†䠀甀愀 愀渀搀 䐀攀渀最 眀攀爀攀 椀渀  basic agreement.''

਀㰀倀㸀吀攀椀眀攀猀 愀渀搀 匀甀渀✀猀 愀爀琀椀挀氀攀 椀猀 愀 搀椀爀攀挀琀 挀栀愀氀氀攀渀最攀 琀漀 䐀攀渀最✀猀 ㄀㤀㠀㄀ 刀攀猀漀氀甀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ  which slams Hua's ''serious resistance'' to the Party's efforts to leave behind ਀✀✀琀栀攀 攀爀爀漀爀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 挀甀氀琀甀爀愀氀 爀攀瘀漀氀甀琀椀漀渀✀✀⸀㰀⼀倀㸀

The Resolution declared that Hua ''tried to suppress the discussions on the ਀挀爀椀琀攀爀椀漀渀 漀昀 琀爀甀琀栀✀✀㬀 ✀✀瀀爀漀挀爀愀猀琀椀渀愀琀攀搀 愀渀搀 漀戀猀琀爀甀挀琀攀搀 琀栀攀 眀漀爀欀 漀昀 爀攀椀渀猀琀愀琀椀渀最  veteran cadres in their posts and redressing the injustices left over from the ਀瀀愀猀琀✀✀㬀 愀渀搀 ✀✀愀挀挀攀瀀琀攀搀 愀渀搀 昀漀猀琀攀爀攀搀 琀栀攀 瀀攀爀猀漀渀愀氀椀琀礀 挀甀氀琀 愀爀漀甀渀搀 栀椀洀猀攀氀昀 眀栀椀氀攀  continuing the personality cult of the past''.

਀㰀倀㸀吀攀椀眀攀猀 愀渀搀 匀甀渀 搀攀洀漀渀猀琀爀愀琀攀 琀栀愀琀 琀栀漀猀攀 挀氀愀椀洀猀 眀攀爀攀 渀漀琀 洀攀爀攀氀礀 挀爀攀愀琀椀瘀攀  interpretations, but lies. By mid-1978, for example, Hua was calling for cadres ਀琀漀 ✀✀攀洀愀渀挀椀瀀愀琀攀 琀栀攀 洀椀渀搀✀✀ ⴀ 愀 猀氀漀最愀渀 氀愀琀攀爀 愀瀀瀀爀漀瀀爀椀愀琀攀搀 戀礀 䐀攀渀最 ⴀ 愀渀搀 甀瀀栀漀氀搀  the ''law of value'' and adhere to ''objective economic laws''.

਀㰀倀㸀吀栀攀 愀甀琀栀漀爀猀 猀栀漀眀 琀栀愀琀 琀栀攀 倀愀爀琀礀 栀愀搀 戀攀攀渀 最爀漀瀀椀渀最 椀琀猀 眀愀礀 琀漀眀愀爀搀猀 ✀✀漀瀀攀渀椀渀最✀✀  in a fairly consistent fashion from October 1976, when Hua led the arrest of ਀䴀愀漀✀猀 䜀愀渀最 漀昀 䘀漀甀爀Ⰰ 愀琀 愀 琀椀洀攀 眀栀攀渀 䐀攀渀最 眀愀猀 猀琀椀氀氀 椀渀 瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀 攀砀椀氀攀⸀ 䠀甀愀  continued to make key reformist decisions until somewhere during the course of ਀㄀㤀㜀㤀Ⰰ 眀栀攀渀 䐀攀渀最 最爀愀搀甀愀氀氀礀 漀瘀攀爀猀栀愀搀漀眀攀搀 栀椀洀⸀㰀⼀倀㸀

Teiwes and Sun show that it was Hua Guofeng, not Deng, who had his ਀昀椀渀最攀爀瀀爀椀渀琀猀 昀椀爀猀琀 漀渀 琀栀攀 洀漀猀琀 椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀 瀀漀氀椀挀礀 椀渀渀漀瘀愀琀椀漀渀猀 椀渀 琀栀攀 攀愀爀氀礀 爀攀昀漀爀洀  period. At the very least, years of poring over once-secret Party documents, ਀爀攀愀搀椀渀最 琀栀攀 洀攀洀漀椀爀猀 漀昀 欀攀礀 挀愀搀爀攀猀 愀渀搀 椀渀琀攀爀瘀椀攀眀椀渀最 欀攀礀 瀀氀愀礀攀爀猀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀椀爀  children empowers Teiwes and Sun to demonstrate that there is no evidence to ਀猀甀瀀瀀漀爀琀 琀栀攀 瘀椀攀眀 琀栀愀琀 䠀甀愀 眀愀猀 洀攀爀攀氀礀 愀 氀攀昀琀椀猀琀 猀瀀攀攀搀 戀甀洀瀀 漀渀 䐀攀渀最✀猀 爀攀昀漀爀洀椀猀琀  path.

਀㰀倀㸀✀✀吀漀搀愀礀 琀栀攀 眀栀漀氀攀 䌀栀椀渀攀猀攀 渀愀琀椀漀渀 栀愀猀 昀椀渀愀氀氀礀 愀眀愀欀攀渀攀搀Ⰰ✀✀ 愀猀 䠀甀 夀愀漀戀愀渀最 ⠀眀栀漀  would later become Party chief until he was purged in 1987 for being too ਀氀椀戀攀爀愀氀⤀ 琀漀氀搀 栀椀猀 猀漀渀 愀昀琀攀爀 栀攀愀爀椀渀最 愀 猀瀀攀攀挀栀 戀礀 䠀甀愀 戀攀昀漀爀攀 琀栀攀 吀栀椀爀搀 倀氀攀渀甀洀Ⰰ 漀渀  November 24, 1978.

਀㰀倀㸀✀✀圀栀愀琀 椀猀 昀漀爀攀猀椀最栀琀㼀Ⰰ✀✀ 䠀甀 愀猀欀攀搀⸀ ✀✀䤀琀 猀椀洀瀀氀礀 洀攀愀渀猀 猀漀洀攀漀渀攀 眀栀漀 琀愀欀攀猀 琀栀攀  lead in ideas and acts one step ahead of others. Now Chairman Hua opens a breach ਀椀渀 嬀䴀愀漀✀猀崀 搀愀洀Ⰰ 猀漀 琀栀攀 栀椀猀琀漀爀椀挀 挀甀爀爀攀渀琀 挀愀渀 猀琀愀爀琀 琀漀 爀甀渀⸀✀✀㰀⼀倀㸀

It will take more than one article to overturn Deng's creation myth. And Deng ਀猀栀漀甀氀搀 愀氀眀愀礀猀 爀攀洀愀椀渀 愀 琀漀眀攀爀椀渀最 昀椀最甀爀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 ㈀ 琀栀 挀攀渀琀甀爀礀 眀栀漀 瀀爀漀瘀椀搀攀搀  important impetus to China's transformation from an impoverished, totalitarian ਀戀愀猀欀攀琀 挀愀猀攀 琀漀 琀漀搀愀礀✀猀 攀挀漀渀漀洀椀挀 眀漀渀搀攀爀 漀昀 琀栀攀 眀漀爀氀搀⸀㰀⼀倀㸀

But, as lesser leaders of today flirt with turning back the clock, it should ਀戀攀 愀 猀漀甀爀挀攀 漀昀 爀攀愀猀猀甀爀愀渀挀攀 琀漀 欀渀漀眀 琀栀愀琀 䌀栀椀渀愀✀猀 琀爀愀渀猀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 眀漀甀氀搀 瀀爀漀戀愀戀氀礀  have begun on time without any single great ਀洀愀渀⸀㰀⼀倀㸀㰀⼀䐀䤀嘀㸀㰀⼀䈀伀䐀㸀㰀⼀䐀䤀嘀㸀㰀⼀䈀伀䐀夀㸀㰀⼀䠀吀䴀䰀㸀